INDICATIONS FOR KNEE ARTHROSCOPY
The knee joint is a complex joint with many small structures that are prone to a variety of injuries. The most common knee problems where knee arthroscopy may be recommended for are:
- Torn meniscus
- Loose pieces of bone or cartilage
- Torn pieces of cartilage
- Inflamed synovial tissue
- Torn or damaged ligament
PROCEDURE AND RECOVERY
Knee arthroscopy is typically an outpatient procedure. That means that you will go home on the same day of surgery. For this reason, arthroscopy is usually performed under general anesthesia. The anesthesiologist will decide the best method for you depending on your age and health condition.
The arthroscopic procedure is performed through two small incisions in the front of the knee. The knee joint is usually filled with a saline solution that allows better visualization of the structures of the knee. The arthroscopic camera is then placed through one incision allowing visualization of the torn or damaged structures. The other incision is used to introduce multiple small instruments, such as shaves, biters and scissors that will allow the damaged tissue to be repaired or removed.
Most patients are go home the same day after knee arthroscopy. Recovery after the surgery depends on the type of procedure performed. Most patient experience a rapid recovery and are able to return to work or light activity within a week or so. Recovery from a more complicated procedure may take significantly longer. Most patients will use crutches or a cane initially after surgery but should be able to resume normal walking within a few days. Over the counter medications like Tylenol and Motrin are usually adequate to control postoperative pain. Physical therapy may be required but is usually prescribed on an individual basis.
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